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Solar Flare

A solar flare is a sudden brightening observed over the sun's surface or the solar limb, which is interpreted as a large energy release of up to 6 × 10 joules of energy (about a sixth of the total energy output of the sun each second or 160,000,000,000 megatons of tnt equivalent, over 25,000 times more energy than released from the impact of comet shoemaker–levy 9 with jupiter). they are mainly followed by a colossal coronal mass ejection also known as a cme.