When you look at any of the thought leaders in marketing and copywriting, read any top keyword research guide (from Hubspot, Copyblogger, Moz) they will all tell you the same thing: You gotta get your keyword research right.
What will keyword research impact on?
- social media activity
- customer discovery
- getting the right people into the funnel
Why? Language links to identity. You need to know the language your (potential) customers are using. If you do not use similar language, you cannot attract more and will alienate the ones you have.
We are a team collaboration tool. We found that amongst others we appealed to people interested in the GTD (Getting Things Done) movement after our keyword research. Sure, it had crossed our minds but we assumed it was not that important.
Language is a tool you can use to build data about your ideal users, where they are, how to find them and how to attract them. The language you use impacts the copywriting of your website, email transactions, tweets, blog posts, press releases, customer support messages.
People identify with the things they use – here are some amazing survey results about iPhones, Androids and Blackberry users:
- iPhone users are quite vain and travel more
- Android users are good cooks, work longer hours and drink more
- Blackberry users are richer and eat out the most
…and without having to go into detail, you can instantly imagine the ads for each of these products and nod in agreement. Apple appealing to the vain? Blackberry appealing to the business class? Yes, that sounds right.
These companies got their language right. They got their keywords right. This allowed them to target the people who would get the most value out of their products.
This is customer discovery at its most primitive stage. And a lot of people get it wrong.
Validate your assumptions with keyword research
Let’s start by mentioning a few well-known facts. You are not going to rank for a singular word. If you are selling wine online, you are not going to rank for “wine.” It’s going to be at least a two-word phrase, if not more.
As a newcomer, you will have to get a) specific and b) creative with your keyword targeting.
Specific: To target the exact niche.
Creative: Say it in a way that still makes sense to the core product.
It’s harder than it looks.
Let’s make a hypothetical case study for “tailored suits.” Don’t forget to use quotation marks at all times in your search to keep the search accurate.
Next: Step-by-step guide
Here are the steps to take
1. Start with assumptions
Make a list of as many grammatical variations as possible about the core things your product does/offers/solves.
(eg. black tailored suits, affordable tailored suits, tailored suits are better, luxury tailored suits, tailored suits for events, tailored suits for rent, buy tailored suits online….)
If you are having trouble feeling inspired, sometimes the WebCorpLSE tool works (but it is a little limited). It is a database of online language that allows you to see the most common phrases that people use around a word.
In the filters on the side, you can choose how many surrounding words are visible (more gives you more context, but less gives you focused keywords):
What I learn from this is that “tailored suits” are often accompanied by luxury words such as “exquisite.” This indicates the section of society I should look to and the style of copy I should use. Also, black accessories are mentioned twice. I may need to consider black as an important color on my website.
Pro tip: if you feel overwhelmed, start with 10, run them through the process, and then return and try the next 10.
2. Google search
Scroll to the bottom and check out what the suggested phrases are; list the most likely (eliminate question words like “what is…”)
Also, it can be useful to see what Google predicts you are typing – this indicates how someone would find what you are trying to offer them. Make a note of relevant suggestions.
If you have doubts about Google’s trustworthiness, try an alternative search such as a forum or Bing. I decided to use a personal favorite (Quora) just out of curiosity:
So far, just from the first step, we have learned that there is interest in a) the cost of tailored suits, b) people want to get them online, c) they want to know if tailored suits are really worth it and d) there is a strong interest in the USA and China.
This is fantastic! You can help answer those questions and solve those pains. Before you get over-excited though, put these bits of data to the test through the rest of the steps.
3. Run them through Google keyword planner
The Google keyword planner is made for Google Adwords, rather than organic searches. However, it is one of the most common industry search tools to indicate the popularity of search terms in general.
Go to Google AdWords – tools – keyword planner. Choose the first search options, type in “tailored suits,” hit enter and then choose the tab “keyword ideas.”
Let’s compare a general search to a search based on some of the information we have gleaned from step 2:
Unfiltered search (ie. default search settings):
…and with filters?
Interesting! It seems that “custom made” and “tailor made” are candidates.
That’s not to say that the general results are not useful – it depends if you think your service needs to be geographically limited or not. But the filters make a huge difference in the keywords you can end up targeting.
4. Run them through Moz keyword difficulty tool
Take advantage of the 30-day free trial if you are not sure about signing up. Moz has great research tools, with my favorite being the “keyword difficulty” tool.
The first column is the “keyword difficulty” rating. Aim for < 50 percent difficulty (but preferably < 25 percent). Beyond that it is difficult to impossible to expect rank for that keyword.
Note that in the filters you can choose between different countries and Google, Yahoo and Bing search engines. If you happen to know what search engine your users use most, great! If not, Google is the most common.
5. Export the data
You can export the Google keyword planner results and Moz results to .csv and start eliminating keywords that just don’t fit your product (keyword research does tend to get out of hand at times).
6. Cross-check which keywords fit the criteria of Google’s low competition
Select words that have high monthly searches and low Moz difficulty.
7. Create a shortlist of keywords.
8. Go to Wikipedia.
Search each keyword and mark the wikipedia URL closest to the keyword.
Why? Wikipedia results rank top of Google search results more often than not. You’ll be looking for what the Wikipedia pages are ranking for, and if you can fine-tune your shortlist.
9. Run the URL of wikipedia page through Google keyword planner and see what it ranks for.
…and you should get something like this (after applying filters – mine were >1000 and low):
10. Test these keywords in Moz – and make your final list
Run them through Moz and find out their difficulty rating, just as in step 4. Take anything with less than 50 percent difficulty.
Now, hopefully you have a massive database of information about a) the social and cultural status of your ideal customer, b) the language they use, c) the locations where your company may be more/less successful and d) what parts of the market are saturated.
You now have key information to support the website design, the copy style and a content marketing strategy.
Oh, and you’re ready and set to go with the next part of what the keyword research is the base of: building backlinks to increase rankings and improve SEO.