Understanding (also called intellection) is a psychological process related to an abstract or physical object, such as a person, situation, or message whereby one is able to think about it and use concepts to deal adequately with that object. understanding is a relation between the knower and an object of understanding. understanding implies abilities and dispositions with respect to an object of knowledge sufficient to support intelligent behavior. an understanding is the limit of a conceptualization. to understand something is to have conceptualized it to a given measure.