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Bard

In medieval gaelic and british culture, a bard was a professional poet, employed by a patron, such as a monarch or nobleman, to commemorate the patron's ancestors and to praise the patron's own activities. originally a specific class of poet, contrasting with another class known as fili in ireland and highland scotland, with the decline of living bardic tradition in the modern period the term "bard" acquired generic meanings of an epic author/singer/narrator, comparable with the terms in other cultures (azmari, minstrel, skald, scop, rhapsode, udgatar, griot, ashik) or any poets, especially famous ones. for example, william shakespeare is known as the bard or the bard of avon.