Google today launched TensorFlow Quantum (TFQ), an open-source library for prototyping quantum machine learning models.
Quantum computers aren’t quite mainstream yet, but when they arrive they’ll need algorithms. TFQ fills that Gap by making it possible for developers to create hybrid AI algorithms that use both classical computing techniques and quantum computer circuit simulations.
According to a blog post from Google AI:
TFQ provides the tools necessary for bringing the quantum computing and machine learning research communities together to control and model natural or artificial quantum systems; e.g. Noisy Intermediate Scale Quantum (NISQ) processors with ~50 – 100 qubits.
TFQ works by taking quantum data — information contained in quantum bits, or qubits — and processing it with hybrid AI systems.
Called “hybrid-classical AI modelling,” this technique allows researchers and developers to disentangle quantum data so that it can be used to generate predictions about quantum algorithms.
Per a research paper published by Google and its partners at NASA, the University of Waterloo, and Volkswagen:
We demonstrate how one can apply TFQ to tackle advanced quantum learning tasks including meta-learning, Hamiltonian learning, and sampling thermal states. We hope this framework provides the necessary tools for the quantum computing and machine learning research communities to explore models of both natural and artificial quantum systems, and ultimately discover new quantum algorithms which could potentially yield a quantum advantage.
Google isn’t the only company out there offering hybrid quantum–AI ML systems. Microsoft and IBM both offer similar services in the form of Azure Quantum and IBM Q.
But TensorFlow is incredibly popular with the developer and research communities and Google‘s work in the field of quantum computing has been impressive to say the least.
Google and its partners hope this will lead to novel quantum algorithms capable of producing the quantum advantage necessary to solve the open problems researchers believe quantum computers will soon address.