Hacking our brains against bias: 7 lessons from Facebook, Pinterest and Google on building diverse teams

Hacking our brains against bias: 7 lessons from Facebook, Pinterest and Google on building diverse teams ...

Working on making Buffer an inclusive place where all kinds of people feel they belong and thrive is one of my favorite things.

It’s a unique time to be working on diversity goals at a tech startup. On the one hand, there is quite a bit of work to do to make the strides we’d all like to make. On the other hand, there is so much hope and so many cool innovations, programs, and even tools that can help move us toward where we want to be.

We’ve shared a lot of our thoughts, strategies and mistakes so far. As I begin to embark on making diversity a bigger part of my job (Potential future title: Belonging Booster. What do you think?) I wanted to check out what some other tech companies are working on when it comes to inclusivity.

My research journey took me all the way from the NFL to the symphony orchestra as I discovered tech companies are pulling inspiration from many different areas. Here are seven cool inclusivity tactics that my investigation turned up.

1. The Rooney Rule

Who’s using it? Facebook and Pinterest

What does tech have in common with the National Football League? At least one element: The Rooney Rule.

Introduced by the NFL in 2003, the Rooney Rule (named for Pittsburgh Steelers owner Dan Rooney, who headed the league’s diversity committee) is simple. It requires teams to interview at least one minority candidate for every head-coaching and general manager vacancy.

This change quickly increased the NFL’s number of minority hires from six percent to 22 percent.

black white coaching percentages

Companies like Facebook and Pinterest have adopted their own version of the Rooney Rule, often translating it to the idea that at least one woman and one underrepresented minority be considered for every open position (sometimes, every open senior position).

2. Transparent target goals

Who’s using it? Twitter, Pinterest

17 percent of all Americans are Latino, 13 percent of all Americans are black, six percent of all Americans are Asian, and 62 percent of Americans are white. 50 percent of Americans identify as male, and the other 50 percent as female.

Tech companies’ numbers generally don’t reflect these percentages very closely. Pinterest acknowledged this after releasing these demographic numbers:

Pinterest-target-goals

So Pinterest did something pretty unique and transparent to address this. From their blog post:

We think one reason it’s been so hard to get numbers to change is that companies haven’t stated specific goals. So today, we’re doing something unprecedented — we’re going on record with our hiring goals for 2016. We’re also sharing details about the new programs and improvements we have planned.

Here are Pinterest’s specific goals:

Pinterest-goals

Following suit was Twitter; here are their goals for 2016:

Twitter-goals

Transparently sharing specific inclusion goals feels like a great method to create accountability and honesty around how things are going.

3. 20 percent time

Who’s using it? LinkedIn

According to Fortune, LinkedIn is among the most gender-diverse of high-profile technology companies — at the end of 2014, almost half of LinkedIn’s employees were non-white.

Screen Shot 2015-12-10 at 10.56.29

link: http://fortune.com/2015/07/30/tech-companies-diveristy/

How did they get there? One clue might be in this interview with Erica Lockheimer, Linked’s director of engineering growth and women in tech.

Erica explains that 20 percent of her time — and therefore a portion of her salary and bonus — is tied to LinkedIn’s overall diversity goals.

Several others in management have a similar arrangement, and at least another 50 employees have dedicated five percent of their time — and a portion of their overall annual pay — toward working on diversity at LinkedIn through things like unconscious bias training and “acts of inclusion.”

20 percent time is a cool strategy because it takes the mission outside the realm of just a select few at an organization and makes it something everyone can work toward, together.

4. Embedding engineers at schools

Who’s using it? Google

Here’s a cool strategy from Google: the search giant is embedding engineers at historically black colleges and universities, where they teach, mentor and advise.

Google has software engineers in residence at Howard University in Washington, D.C., Hampton University in Hampton, Virginia, Fisk University in Nashville, and Spelman and Morehouse colleges in Atlanta.

Googlers teach courses and also train students on skills like how to send a professional email and how to master a technical engineering job interview.

5. Diversity through design

Who’s using it? Slack

Recently, Slack added a new way for developers to connect to the app, via the “Add to Slack” button. Quite a few users noticed that the hand in the illustration wasn’t the “usual” look for design:

Add-to-Slack

The seemingly small detail of skin color in the launch graphics resonated with many users.

Diogenes Brito, the designer on the project, wrote about the decision beautifully:

Why was the choice an important one, and why did it matter to the people of color who saw it? The simple answer is that they rarely see something like that. These people saw the image and immediately noticed how unusual it was. They were appreciative of being represented in a world where American media has the bad habit of portraying white people as the default, and everyone else as deviations from the norm.

Seeing yourself recognized and included in design is a powerful feeling, and Slack recognizes this in multiple ways:

For a small start in this direction, check out this great connection of stock photos of tech women of color (you might recognize the top image in this post!)

6. Unconscious bias training

Who’s using it? Facebook, Google and more

Our brains aren’t so great at making rational decisions. There are literally hundreds of cognitive biases that trick us every day. Here are just a few:

bi_graphics_20-cognitive-biases-that-screw-up-your-decisions

(Check out your own inherent biases around race and gender by taking a quiz here.)

How can we retrain our flawed brains? Some say a start is to be aware of our biases.

Companies like Google and Facebook are working hard on unconscious bias training for their teams, and sharing some great resources with all of us. (Seriously, both those links are gold!)

7. Blind auditions

Who’s using it? Mozilla, Dolby

Speaking of unconscious bias, here’s how orchestras in the United States uncovered and worked through one of their own biases.

As late as 1970, the top five orchestras in the U.S. had fewer than five percent women. By 1997, that number was up to 30 percent!

What changed? Orchestras began using blind auditions, where performers stayed behind a screen as they played, unseen by the judges. (Kinda like TV’s The Voice).

blind-audition-results

According to a 2001 study, blind orchestra auditions increased the probability that a woman would advance from preliminary rounds by 50 percent.

Could blind auditions work for tech, too? The startup Gap Jumpers makes software that creates a blind audition conducted via computer. Companies like Dolby Labs and Mozilla have already signed on to try this unique method.

Over to you!

How are you working on bringing more diverse perspectives to your team, or to make your workplace more inclusive for all?

This post first appeared on Buffer

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