A collider is a type of a particle accelerator involving directed beams of particles. Colliders may either be ring accelerators or linear accelerators, and may collide a single beam of particles against a stationary target or two beams head-on. Colliders are used as a research tool in particle physics by accelerating elementary particles to very high kinetic energy and letting them impact other particles.
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After four years of research, a new conceptual design report for CERN's 100 km-long Future Circular Collider (FCC) has been ...