India is the world’s largest democracy. Now, it’s the second largest market for smartphones. An estimated 220 million people use smartphones in India. This is more than the U.S. (190.5 million). China has the most smartphone users with an estimated user base of 602 million in 2017.
Ericsson predicts that India will have 810 million smartphone users by 2021. In that year, about 99% of mobile traffic will consist of data. The estimate is 4.5 EB every month, which is one billion gigabytes. The average smartphone user is expected to use 7 GB of data in 2021, which is five times the amount used in 2015 (1.4 GB). Eventually, all 2G subscribers will migrate to 3G and then to 4G speeds. 3G and 4G users will account for 65% of subscribers in India.
India is contributing to the growing global investment in mobile infrastructure and R&D. Its value was estimated to be more than $1.8 trillion from 2009 to 2013.
Over 150 manufacturers sell smartphones in India. India is promoting their market through two government initiatives – Make in India and Digital India. Both helped grow the smartphone manufacturing sector in India. In fact, more than half of all mobile phones shipped in India were manufactured in India. About 20 brands use India as their manufacturing hub. Samsung is the leader, with 28.6% of the market In 2015. India shipped 100 million smartphones in 2015.
Here’s a list of the five most popular smartphones in India: Xiaomi Redmi Note 3, Oneplus 2, LeEco 1S, Oneplus, and Lenovo K3 Note.
The rise of smartphones has also created a demand for Indian app developers. Many students in India are deciding to learn app development. Here’s a list of schools and online programs in India that teach mobile app development: Bharti Vidyapeeth Deemed University, Android Institute, Google Developer Training (Code It Possible), Mobignosis, and Learnfly.
Google’s training program is expected to train 2 million Android developers. The courses are available at more than 20 private and state universities in India. The topics include basic Android and Java programming. The courses are self-paced; students can finish the course at their own pace on Udacity.
Android Institute offers Android workshops at colleges. It’s a one day seminar. They also offer corporate training. Android Institute also offers an advanced Android development course. This is a three month course that covers Android Business App development, Website App Development, and Android Game Development.
The prerequisites for students include basic programming knowledge (BE/BTech/MCA/BCA/MScIT). C / C++ knowledge is sufficient to take these courses. Java knowledge isn’t a prerequisite.
Apps are just as popular in India as there are in the U.S. The most popular apps in India are Flipkart, Ola, Snapdeal, Facebook, Whatsapp, Cricbuzz Cricket Scores & News, Hotstar, Hike Messenger, Paytm, and Shareit. There are other apps in India that are worth checking out including ngpay, FreakSMS, Justdial, BuyHatke, and Gaana.
A possible negative effect of smartphone introduction to India is gender inequality. More men use smartphones than women. Men also use social media websites more often than women. In fact, less than 25% of Facebook users in India are women.
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